The Journal of Community Informatics 2019-07-02T08:39:47-04:00 Colin Rhinesmith Open Journal Systems <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-style: italic;">The Journal of Community Informatics</span> provides an opportunity for <a href="">Community Informatics</a> researchers and others <a href="/index.php/ciej/about/editorialPolicies#focusAndScope">to share their work with the larger community</a>. Through the Journal's application of a rigorous peer review process, knowledge and awareness concerning the community use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is being brought to a wider professional audience.</p> <p>In addition, the Journal makes available key documents, “points of view”, notes from the field and other materials that will be of wider interest within the community of those working in Community Informatics.</p> <p>Original funding for the Journal was provided by the <a href="">Canadian Research Alliance for Community Innovation and Networking (CRACIN)</a>, a project funded by the <a href="">Canadian Social Science and Humanities Research Council</a>.</p> <p>Statistics concerning the readership of individual articles may be found <a href="/reports/">here</a> and daily/monthly journal access statistics may be found <a href="/stats/">here</a>.</p> <p><strong>----------------</strong></p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief<br></strong><strong>Colin Rhinesmith</strong></p> <p>Community Informatics Lab, School of Library and Information Science, College of Organizational, Computational, and Information Sciences, Simmons University, USA<br></p> Editorial: a time to pause 2019-07-02T08:39:34-04:00 Eduardo Villanueva-Mansilla 2019-07-02T08:11:33-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Social movement theory and the Italian radical community archives: A question of valence? 2019-07-02T08:39:34-04:00 Mark Howard The theory and practice of the radical community, and a capacity for self-organisation, demonstrates the ability to control the symbols and language of society, to define new conventions of meaning, and to offer alternative reasons and explanations for action. However, the predominant sociological account of Italian social movements of the 1960s and 1970s censures potentially relevant discursive practices of the radical community. This is evidenced by the lack of diversity amongst the epistemic sources of Anglo American Social Movement Theory (SMT). The assumptions in play in disciplinary thought disqualify the practice and theory of radical social movements as a credible mode of analysis of the social and political condition. Ultimately, this discounts the radical subject as knowledge producer. By reflecting on my personal experience of conducting doctoral research at three key community archives in Italy I contemplate an alternative approach, which considers the valence of these radical communities as essentially epistemological and not simply ‘political’, or social. 2019-06-30T22:36:50-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## May They Reminisce Over You: On The Potential of Archives as Homespace 2019-07-02T08:39:38-04:00 Robin Margolis <p>For archives preserving the cultural heritage of artists and marginalized groups, community memories entangle with memories of community displacement . How can we as memory workers promote the potential of our collections to serve as hermeneutic aids in the transmission of cultural and social heritage? This paper weighs the turn toward participatory archives as form of liberation against the liberatory work located within Black Feminist scholar bell hooks conception of “homeplace as a site of resistance,” where “all black people [can] strive to be subjects, not objects.” (hooks, 1999)</p> <p>To investigate the potential of archives to act as homeplace, this paper explores the author’s design of a proposed community research project of a collection at La MaMa Archives. It argues for transforming the process of digitizing cultural heritage into an opportunity to reshape the collection in accordance with principles of participatory archiving. It theorizes methods of engaging and partnering with Jeannette Bastian’s “community of records” connected to different performances held by La MaMa, taking up the call by Anne Gilliland and Sue McKemmish to “reposition the subjects of records and all others involved or affected by the events documented in them as participatory agents.” (Bastian, 2003; Cox, 2015)</p> <p>By taking up the call for participatory archives, it advocates for the benefits of the practices of reminiscing and oral history to complement web-driven or more technologically oriented solutions often linked with participatory efforts. Anticipating the needs of the artists and community elders implicated within and involved as co-creators of these records, it integrates aspects of emerging models of continuum informatics and participatory appraisal with the professional practices of oral history and reminiscing work. It examines possibilities for integrating Leisa Gibbons Mediated Recordkeeping model with Jeffrey Dean Webster’s Heuristic Model of Reminiscing.</p> 2019-06-30T22:36:22-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The nature of ‘document work’, and its implications for radical community archives and their holdings 2019-07-02T08:39:42-04:00 Steve Wright <p><em>Around fifty years ago, much of the world experienced a new cycle of mass social unrest. In their wake, the movements of that time have left a mass of records and other documents (typically leaflets, journals, newspapers, posters and bulletins). Today, many of these materials are curated by community-based archives that continue to identify in some manner both with those movements and their successors. But what might these materials be able to tell us about the ‘document work’ (to use Ciaran Trace’s useful concept) that originally led to their creation and use – and, in a broader sense, the experiences of the movement participants who utilised them as integral components of their political engagement? This paper will explore the meaning of document work within the practices of members of Potere Operaio [Potop], one of the most influential of the revolutionary groups formed in Italy during the late 1960s, before concluding with some brief reflections as to the implications of this for the present day work of radical community archives</em></p> 2019-06-30T22:37:14-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Internet non-use among the Canadian older adult population: General Social Survey (GSS) 2019-07-02T08:39:44-04:00 Hossam Ali-Hassan Vineeth Sekharan Theresa Kim <p>Benefits of Internet use for older adults include the ability to access informational resources, facilitate social connections and use online communication resources. Further research on identifying the characteristics of older adult Internet non-users is warranted. The present study aims to examine the prevalence and characteristics of Internet non-use among Canada’s older adult populations. The analysis was based on the 2016 General Social Survey (GSS)– Canadians at Work and Home. Analysis was restricted to Canadians of 65 years of age or older. The outcome was Internet non-use, which was defined as having not used the Internet in the 30-day period prior to survey data collection. Demographic, socio-economic, health related, and social support and relationship factors were considered for a multivariable logistic regression analysis.</p> <p>Overall, the prevalence of Internet non-use among Canadian older adults was 31.9%.&nbsp; Characteristics significantly associated with Internet non-use included: lower educational achievement, decreased socioeconomic status, poor mental and physical health, having a partner / significant other, and being a cigarette smoker. The province of residence was significantly associated with non-internet use with residents of Quebec being at increased odds of non-internet use compared to residents of British Columbia (OR =2.09, 95% CI= 1.51-2.88). Additionally, increased age among older adults was associated with increased likelihood of not using the Internet. The findings from this study can be used as the basis for future research and to aid in the development of effective policies and programs directed towards the needs of this unique population.</p> 2019-06-30T22:35:22-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Building communities, bridging divides: Community technology centers and social capital 2019-07-02T08:39:46-04:00 Jenna Grzeslo <p>This paper explores the use of community technology centers (CTCs) by U.S. adults. In this context, CTCs are broadly defined as public, not for profit facilities where individuals can access the internet and information communication technologies, the most common of which are public libraries. Furthermore, CTCs are a junction where technology usage and community participation can occur concurrently. Two rounds of data collection using Amazon Mechanical Turk (n = 585) and a Qualtrics Survey Panel (n = 330) were used to develop a unique measure of social capital generated at CTCs. Through multiple regression analyses, this study identifies that the activities completed at CTCs but not the frequency of attendance are associated with higher levels of community technology center social capital (CTCSC), or rather the feelings of trust and reciprocity captured by our measure.</p> 2019-06-30T22:35:55-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Connecting with Youth at Risk: Indigenous Organizations Use of Facebook 2019-07-02T08:39:47-04:00 Channarong Intahchomphoo André Vellino Odd Erik Gundersen <p class="RESUMEN">A qualitative study in which we conducted four interviews with two communication managers and two youth program managers of three indigenous organizations with offices in Ottawa, the data generated from the interviews were coded based on factors identified through thematic analysis. Indigenous organizations use Facebook for two main reasons. The first reason is to promote the work of these organizations to the public and for them, in turn to listen to the public’s opinions about news related to indigenous peoples’ wellbeing. Secondly, Facebook is also used to engage urban indigenous youth at risk with indigenous organizations that provide social programs and outreach. Indigenous organizations use Facebook because many urban indigenous youth in Ottawa are using Facebook and it is the fastest way to connect with them when they are or feel at risk.</p> 2019-06-30T22:34:57-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##